by


by
by, through, with are comparable as prepositions followed by a word or phrase naming the agent, means, or instrument. By is followed commonly by the agent or causative agency
{

a wall built by the Romans

}
{

a novel by Scott

}
{

destroyed by fire

}
{

devoured by wolves

}
{

blessed by a priest

}
{

inflamed by the jibes of officers

}
{

impressed by the evidence

}
Through implies intermediacy; it is followed by the name of the person or thing that serves as the medium or the means by which an end is gained or an effect produced
{

speak through an interpreted procure a rare book through a friend

}
{

express ideas through words

}
{

acquire a position through influence

}
{

an opportunity lost through indecision

}
With, on the other hand, is often followed by the name of the instrument which accompanies the action
{

write with a pen

}
{

eat with a fork

}
{

defend oneself with a stick

}
It may, however, take for its object something not consciously used as an instrument but serving as the instrumentality by which an effect is produced
{

he amused the crowd with his anecdotes

}
{

do not kill us with kindness

}

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.